Cataract Removal

Cataract removal

Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic offer a wide range of cataract replacement lenses to correct cloudy vision caused by cataracts. Our ophthalmologists are able to address distance and close-up vision and/or astigmatism complications at the same time.

What eye problems does cataract surgery address?

The Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic cataract surgery procedure will address cataracts, nearsightedness, farsightedness, presbyopia and astigmatism.

What are cataracts?

The term cataract refers to a cloudy lens within the eye which is caused by proteins in the eye breaking down as we age. Most cataracts develop at 60 or 70 years of age, but other factors can influence the speed and severity of cataracts which include injury to the eye, diabetes, smoking, alcohol abuse and prolonged, direct exposure to sunlight.

As a cataract grows larger, it clouds more of your lens and distorts the light passing through. Symptoms of cataracts include impaired vision which is evident during driving, poor night vision, cloudy/blurry vision, double vision and glare/halo around lights.

In order to treat cataracts effectively the ophthalmologists at Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic suggest regular eye examinations. If you are diagnosed with a cataract, the ophthalmologist is able to replace your lens. As cataracts are irreversible, surgery is the only proven way to get back to enjoying your family activities and all the adventures life brings without blurred, cloudy vision.

Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic cataract treatment

Your ophthalmologist will make a small incision in your eye, through which the cataract will be removed. To remove it, your doctor will break it apart and extract it, a technique called phacoemulsification. An intraocular lens (IOL) will then be inserted through the same tiny incision into the lens capsule of your eye.

The IOL will be used to replace your cataract-affected natural lens. The lens is made of a material that is flexible, which allows the ophthalmologist to fold and insert it through the small incision.

Once the cataract is removed, and the IOL is in the proper position, light can once again travel unimpeded to the back of your eye. You will begin to notice an immediate improvement in your vision. Patients are typically able to heal very quickly with little to no discomfort as the cataract treatment procedure is performed through a small incision.

The cataract procedure comprises of six steps:

STEP 1: Initial eye exam at Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic

A 90 minute consultation will determine whether you are a candidate for laser vision correction. Your ophthalmologist will perform various tests similar to a normal eye examination as well as a scan of the eyes to determine certain cataract surgery related information.

During your consultation your ophthalmologist will:

  • Test your visual acuity and visual field (peripheral vision).
  • Measure your corneal thickness and topography (shape of the eye).
  • Read your previous eye prescription using your glasses’ lenses.
  • Exam your pupils for reactivity.
  • Evaluate the muscle function and dominance of your eyes.
  • Assess the health of eye using a pupil dilation and slit-lamp test.
  • Check for Glaucoma assessing your eyes’ pressure.
  • Inspect the health of your peripheral retina.
  • Assess your overall medical health.
  • Discuss your hobbies and occupation.

All of these factors will assist your ophthalmologist to determine whether you are a candidate for cataract surgery and/or which procedure is best suited for you. Once completed, this assessment will determine your unique cataract treatment at Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic.

STEP 2: Determining whether you are a cataract surgery candidate at Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic

Results from the initial eye examination, your doctor will suggest a treatment which is customised to your prescription, eye anatomy and personal needs.

Your Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic ophthalmologist will review your lifestyle and determine whether your daily activities and quality of life are being affected by impared vision. The development of cataracts is not the determining factor for the procedure as some patients will still be eligible for other refractive surgeries such as LasikHD, PRK, ICL and RLE.

STEP 3: Choosing your lens options

Your Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic ophthalmologist will assess your results and determine a lens which best suits your lifestyle and individual needs.

Ideal candidates for cataracts surgery at Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic are given 3 Intraocular Lenses (IOL) options:

  • Monofocal Intraocular Lens
    This lens will correct vision at a set distance but does not correct pre-existing corneal astigmatism. Patients with astigmatism will therefore wear glasses to correct distance and close up vision problems. Patients without pre-existing astigmatism require reading glasses.
  • Toric Intraocular Lens
    This advanced technology lens corrects both distance and astigmastism problems. Patients will require reading glasses to see close up.
  • Multifocal Intraocular Lens
    This advanced technology lens corrects both distance and close up vision problems which will assist in correcting overall dependence on glasses.

STEP 4: Get a physical examination at Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic

Once a determined candidate, a physical examination is required by an ophthalmologist at Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic

STEP 5: The Cataract surgery procedure at Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic

The Cataract surgery procedure is completed one eye at a time at a 2 – 4 week interval to allow for stabilisation. The procedure only takes 30 – 35 minutes per eye however the entire process will take 60 – 90 minutes. You will not be able to drive after the procedure is complete.

STEP 6: Post-operative care

One day after the cataract procedure at Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic, your vision will be improved. You will experience some inflammation and swelling as healing takes place. You will be prescribed eye drops by your Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic doctor and strict instructions regarding physical activity. You are not allowed to bend over, lift heavy items and partake in strenuous activity/exercise for 2 weeks.

Your Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic doctor will schedule a few routine post-op visits to ensure your treatment is a success and you are 100% satisfied.

Life after Cataract surgery

At Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic, your post-op care is very important to us. We therefore schedule visits with our ophthalmologists periodically after your treatment.

The first 24 hours after cataract surgery

  • The ophthalmologist will perform a post-op check-up and you will be given a pair of protective glasses that you will need to wear for several hours after the surgery.
  • Ensure you organise a driver home.
  • The artificial tears provided by your doctor will help ease any irritation you may experience after the Cataract surgery.
  • If you experience any irritation it is important not to rub, poke or touch your eyes.
  • Follow your doctor’s instructions on using your steroid and antibiotic eye drops.
  • Use this time to rest and relax.
  • Do not strain your eyes through reading, computer work or watching TV.

One week after the cataract surgery

  • You will experience significant improvement to your overall vision.
  • You may read, use the computer and watch TV, but keep your eyes well lubricated and rest them if they feel strained.
  • Be sure to keep sweat out of your eyes and avoid all lotions, creams and eye makeup for seven days.

One month after the cataract surgery

  • Your eye will be close to fully healed and you will notice continued improvement to eyesight.

Three months after cataract surgery

  • Typically, your Visiomed Eye and Laser Clinic ophthalmologist will request that you attend a post-op appointment between one and three months after your cataract surgery.
  • In some cases, after three months, your doctor may request an additional 90-day post-op check.
  • Vision stability will be realised in most patients at approximately three months.